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Title: Richness of Cladosporium in a tropical bat cave with the description of two new species
Authors: Pereira, Mayara L. S.
Carvalho, João L. V. R.
Lima, Joenny M. S.
Barbier, Eder
Bernard, Enrico
Bezerra, Jadson D. P.
Souza-Motta, Cristina M.
Issue Date: 4-Mar-2022
Abstract: Caves are important roosts for hundreds of bat species worldwide. Such habitats frequently harbour rich and extremely specialised biotas; however, they remain among the least-studied places on Earth, particularly in the tropical region. The fungal richness in tropical caves in Brazil has recently been studied, and these surveys have reported a largely unexplored mycobiome, highlighting some bat caves as hotspots for fungal findings. During a speleomycological survey in a bat cave in the Caatinga dry forest in Brazil, 15 Cladosporium isolates were obtained from the air and ectoparasitic bat flies (Diptera: Streblidae) collected from the bat Pteronotus gymnonotus (Chiroptera: Mormoopidae). Based on morphological features and multi-gene (ITS rDNA, ACT, and TEF1) phylogenetic analyses, we reported eight Cladosporium species in this cave. Two new species, Cladosporium cavernicola and Cladosporium pernambucoense, were isolated from the cave air and have been formally described here. They, along with Cladosporium puris, Cladosporium subuliforme, and Cladosporium tenuissimum, were related to the Cladosporium cladosporioides species complex. Additionally, we recorded Cladosporium austrohemisphaericum, Cladosporium parahalotolerans, and Cladosporium sphaerospermum (C. sphaerospermum species complex). Our findings emphasise the large potential for new fungal species associated with caves and bats worldwide.
metadata.dc.source: Mycol Progress
metadata.dc.type: Artigo
metadata.dc.totalpage: 13
Appears in Collections:BIOLOGIA SUBTERRÂNEA

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